How to grow tomatoes: MINI INSTRUCTIONS

Tomatoes are one of the vegetable symbols of the Italian food tradition. They can be grown easily in both the pot and ground, choosing a very sunny position for seedlings.

The harvest of tomatoes takes place in most quantities in the summer, but it can be prolonged even in the autumn. This is a good opportunity to dedicate yourself to homemade preparation of tomato sauce, in the company of the family. Below are some useful tips for their cultivation.
Cultivate tomatoes: sowing
Those who decide to grow tomatoes from seeds will find it useful to use jars to be used as seedlings, even if the seedlings are transferred to the garden, and in view of their vase transplantation. Soak tomatoes in jars of 6-8 centimeter diameter, calculating to use 3-4 seeds for jar. Seedling allows easy selection of the strongest seedlings. Sowing tomatoes, in an enclosed environment, ideally in a bright area of the house, can already take place from the end of winter. Only in spring, when seedlings are fortified but are not yet ready for transplantation, it will be possible to place them outside, making sure that they are not excessively exposed to direct sunlight during the day or over-cold nights.
Cultivate tomatoes: the cuttings
Tomatoes can be multiplied by cuttings. It is useful to extract the cuttings from your already cultivated plants to replace them in case of adversity, or if you want to have late harvests available. Cuttings can be made from feminines, that is, from sprouts that grow laterally to the base of the branches of the plant. Their elimination ensures a faster ripening and larger sized tomatoes. Once harvested by recapturing them to the base, they must be transferred to a vessel containing water for at least one week until root development, then being transplanted into a pot or pot.
Cultivate tomatoes: the transplant
It is of course possible to buy a trusted nursery of tomato seedlings ready for transplantation, to be transported to the garden or gradually in ever larger pots, as the roots of tomatoes will develop. Transplantation in the open air, whether it is from seedlings obtained from seeds, from cuttings or purchased, must be carried out when it has reached a height of at least 15 centimeters, calculating space between seedlings and between them Files 40-50 centimeters. It is advisable to carry out the transplant of tomatoes in the open spring from late April. The right time for transplantation is when the frosts are far away and the ground has warmed up, with variables that can anticipate or move forward the most suitable date depending on the regions.
Cultivate tomatoes in the garden
Once ready for the transplant, the seedlings can be moved to the garden directly in the ground. Tomatoes love light, so be sure to choose a sunny position for your seedlings. Create holes in the plate of the chosen vegetable garden, dimensions suitable for transferring the seedlings, and water them before proceeding to the transplant. Tomato plants are crumbling. They therefore need support suitable for their growth, such as posts of a height of more than one meter, to which the plants can be insured using twine or wire of iron.
Mulching: Mulch, to be carried out exclusively with natural materials and not using plastic, may be useful after the transplant to maintain the soil temperature and to preserve it for proper moisture. Mackerel also helps to prevent the growth of “weeds” if you want to avoid their presence in the garden, but it should not be done too early to avoid the risk of the soil being kept at still cold temperatures.
Cultivate tomatoes in pots:
Tomatoes do not like stagnation in the slivers; Remember, therefore, to eliminate them by emptying them. The problem of stagnation in the slivers can be solved almost completely by preparing the vases for the transplant correctly, sprinkling their bottom with a layer of expanded clay, gravel or cobs balls, then swim to fill the vessel with Organic universal soil, preferably enriched with homogenous compost, which has not been obtained from waste or industrial waste (the indicated soil is readily available in the gardening outlets by checking the statements on the packaging).
It is advisable to use vessels from a diameter of between 20 and 30 cm. Potatoes grown in pots will also need support. From this point of view, cultivating along a railing balcony is advantageous and can be exploited to better organize the spaces. Faster harvests by potato cultivation can be obtained by choosing the smaller tomato varieties, such as cherry tomatoes or tomato tomatoes.
Growing tomatoes upside down has come up with an original indication of the possibility of cultivating tomatoes in pots upside down.
An American company, named Gardeners, has developed a kit suitable for this kind of cultivation, which allows hanging plants, maximizing the use of space beneath balconies or sheds. This is actually an ancient technique, which is intended to flip and hang pots when the seedlings are strong enough, besides adding a basin that allows them to have the water available.
Watering the tomato seedlings once or twice a week, damping the ground very well, both in pots and in the garden, for as long as the fruit has not yet spun.
To help ripen the tomatoes, you can go to more frequent watering, to spend every two days, even considering the water needs of the plants.
Consumers Organizations allow plants in the garden to take advantage of the presence of other plants that they can shed Soil useful substances to their neighbors or contribute to their defense by parasites. In the case of tomatoes, the useful associations to be considered include garlic, netturinium and tagetes, which will help protect the plants from parasites. Among the adversities that can affect the tomatoes are bed bugs and potato mushroom, against which it is possible to act using organic food preparations, to be requested at their own nursing home.

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